Igcse Board School chirle

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in chirle. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse znotes maths

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in chirle?

igcse tutors online

 

The 3 Mistakes of My Life is the third novel written by Chetan Bhagat. The book was published in May 2008 and had an initial print-run of 420,000. The novel follows the story of three friends and is based in the city of Ahmedabad in western India.

This is the third best seller novel by Chetan Bhagat.[1]

Govind: Govind Jaat Patel is an ordinary guy with whom anybody can relate. He has very few desires. His main ambition is to become a businessman as he thinks that, being a Gujarati, business is in his blood. His best friends are Omi and Ish (Ishaan). Govind is doubtful or noncommittal about something. His father has abandoned him and his mother runs a small business. He makes extra income by tutoring maths. He continues these sessions even after starting the cricket shop. He is the narrator of this story and the one who makes the title's "Three Mistakes". During the course of the story he falls in love with Vidya, Ishan's younger sister for whom he is a private tutor. Govind looks after the financial part of the business as he has good business sense and mathematical skills.

Ishaan (Ish) is a big cricket freak and a patriot. Ishaan was the best cricketer in his locality and school. He suggests the name of their business as "Team India Cricket Shop". He helps Govind's business by organising daily cricket coaching camps. He has a younger sister, Vidya, about whom he is quite protective. When he discovers that a boy named Ali is a very talented batsman, he decides to go any length to give Ali proper training. Ishaan usually looks after day-to-day shop activities as he has genuine interest in anything cricket-related.

Omi is the son of the Hindu priest of the local temple. His family enjoys great respect among the people. Through Omi's parents and maternal uncle (who own few shops as a part of the temple trust property), they readily get a place to start their business. He is a rather dumb boy and has not many dreams, but he likes to concentrate on having a healthy body. However, he resents growing up and being a saint like his father. He is a religious person and eventually takes active part in his maternal uncle's religious politics. He is, however, confused about his religious views which are mainly influenced by Bittoo Mama.

Vidya is Ishan's younger sister. She is a rebel at heart and dreams to break free from the constraints of a typical middle-class family and society, to go to Mumbai, do a course in PR and become independent. She, however, despises maths which is required for her medical entrance exams. Hence, Ish asks Govind to take her mathematics tuition. In between their tuition they fall in love which is kept a secret.

Ali is one of the students in Ish's coaching classes and a great batsman because of a rare gift of nature. However, he doesn't play much cricket as he gets tired after three or four balls; he enjoys playing marbles. He is a Muslim and respects Ish like a Guru. He, like Ishaan, is patriotic at heart. He denies the offer of Australian scholarship and wants to play on the Indian side.

Bittoo Mama is the maternal uncle of Omi. Mama runs the trust of the temple and agrees to rent the place to the three friends for the cricket shop. He is an active member of a Hindu political party. He follows the preachings of Parekh-ji, a political-cum-spiritual leader and has complete faith in him. He has locked his horns with Ali's father who belongs to the Secular Party. He has a son, Dhiraj. Mama is not fond of Govind as he is an agnostic. He is the main antagonist of the story.

Govind's mom wants her son to pursue a degree in Engineering. She runs a home-made food business. She cares about Govind a lot and supports him well through his hardships and struggles.

Ali's father: He is a devout Muslim and works for a secular party. He is a very kind-hearted person who wants Ali to take his education seriously despite his mediocre financial condition. He treats the three friends very well when they go to visit Ali in his house. Overall he is a good person.

Fred Li: He is an Australian Cricket Team member and a fast bowler. He invites the three friends and Ali to Sydney when they travel to Goa to see India-Australia One Day International and meet him in the stands. He spots talent in Ali and wants to help him getting a chance to be trained in his academy in Australia. Loosely based on Brett Lee.

  1. Govind had paid a huge amount for buying a shop in Navrangpura shopping mall even though his friends tried to stop him. The mall later got destroyed due to 2001 Gujarat earthquakes .
  2. He fell in love with and had physical intimacy (sexual relationship) with Vidya, Ish's sister
  3. He waited a split second and dived too late to save Ali because of his own selfishness. Ali's wrist was destroyed.

Critics across the country were not too impressed with the book and some even suggested that it was not as good as his previous work. The public reception was good[citation needed] and The 3 Mistakes of My Life sold a lot of copies in the first few weeks.[citation needed]

This English national bestseller has been published in Gujarati language by a leading Gujarati book publisher, M.B.D., based in Ahmedabad & Mumbai. This book has been translated into Tamil and is published by Diamond Pocket Books.[2] The French translation was released by Cherche Midi publisher in March 2010 as Les 3 erreurs de ma vie. It was translated into Sinhala by Dileepa Jayakodi in 2011 as Thun Thakatheerukan Karapu Kenek Man.

The movie version of the novel is Kai Po Che! directed by Abhishek Kapoor starring Sushant Singh Rajput, Amit Sadh; it was released in February 2013. The film and the book are set in Gujarat, hence the title Kai Po Che!

  1. ^ Bhagat., Chetan (May 2008). The 3 Mistakes of My Life. Ahmedabad: rupa. pp. http://www.chetanbhagat.com/books/t3mml/. ISBN 978-8129135513. 
  2. ^ "चेतन भगत की पुस्तकों के हिंदी संस्करणों ने मचाई धूम- 2008100554287800 | India - Oneindia Hindi". Thatshindi.oneindia.in. 2008-10-05. Retrieved 2013-05-18. 

How To Choose The Best Tutor for the SAT, ACT, and GCSEs

igcse global perspectives past papers

 

Not to be confused with Legal guardian or Tutor (officer).

A tutor is an instructor who gives private lessons. Shadow education is a name for private supplementary tutoring that is offered outside the mainstream education system.

Normally, a tutor will help a student who is struggling in a subject of some sort. Also, a tutor may be provided for a student who wants to learn at home.

In the United States, the term "tutor" is generally associated with one who gives professional instruction (sometimes within a school setting but often independently) in a given topic or field.

See also: Teaching assistant (United Kingdom)

In British and Irish secondary schools, form tutors are given the responsibilities of a form or class of students in a particular year group (up to 30 students). They usually work in year teams headed by a year leader, year head, or guidance teacher.

Form tutors will provide parents with most of the information about their child's progress and any problems they might be experiencing. Ordinarily, the form tutor is the person who contacts a parent if there is a problem at school; however, the year leader or guidance teacher may contact the parents, since the form tutor has full-time responsibility as a specialist subject teacher.

A 2012 study by the Asian Development Bank and the Comparative Education Research Centre at the University of Hong Kong pointed out that private tutoring can dominate the lives of young people and their families, maintain and exacerbate social inequalities, divert needed household income into an unregulated industry, and create inefficiencies in education systems. It can also undermine official statements about fee-free education and create threats to social cohesion.[1]

In South Korea, nearly 90% of elementary students receive some sort of shadow education.[2] In Hong Kong, about 85% of senior secondary students do so.[3] 60% of primary students in West Bengal, India,[4] and 60% of secondary students in Kazakhstan receive private tutoring.[5]

Demand for tutoring in Asia is exploding; by comparison globally, shadow education is most extensive in Asia. This is partly due to the stratification of education systems, cultural factors, perceptions of shortcomings in regular school systems, and the combination of growing wealth and smaller family sizes.[1] Therefore, the education sector has become a profitable industry which businesses have created different kinds of products and advertisement such us "the king/queen of tutorial", a usual advertisement tactic of Hong Kong tutorial centers that has spread to South Korea, Thailand, Sri Lanka and India where tutors achieve "celebrity-like status".[6] In some cases, successful Southeast Asian tutors will even embrace the title of "tutor". Online private tutor matching platform and online learning platform offering online learning materials are other creations.

In Cambodia, most tutoring is provided by teachers,[7] whereas in Hong Kong, it is provided by individuals, small companies or large companies.[8] In Mongolia, most tutoring is labor-intensive,[9] while entrepreneurs in South Korea make use of computers and other forms of technology.[1]

Some studies have estimated costs associated with "shadow education". In Pakistan, expenditures on tutoring per child averaged $3.40 a month in 2011. In India, average spending was lower, but still equated to about $2 per month.[10]

In Georgia, household expenditures for private tutoring at the secondary school level was $48 million in 2011.[11] In Hong Kong, the business of providing private tutoring to secondary schools reached $255 million in 2011.[12]

In India, a 2008 survey estimated the size of the private tutoring sector to be $6.4 billion.[13] In Japan, families spent a whopping $12 billion in 2010 on private tutoring.[7]

In the Republic of Korea, where the government has attempted to cool down the private tutoring market, shadow education costs have continually grown, reaching a staggering $17.3 billion in 2010. Household expenditures on private tutoring are equivalent to about 80% of government expenditures on public education for primary and secondary students.[14]

In the United States, the tutoring market is fragmented. Some online tutoring marketplaces, however, have managed to aggregate a large number of private tutors on their platform and also tutoring data. For example, one such site has over 34,000 registered tutors in California and made tutoring hourly rate data for California public.[15]

In many countries, individuals can become tutors without training. In some countries, including Cambodia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Lao PDR, and Tajikistan, the pattern of classroom teachers supplementing their incomes by tutoring students after school hours is more a necessity than a choice, as many teachers’ salaries hover close to the poverty line.[1]

In the Republic of Korea, the number of private tutors expanded roughly 7.1% annually on average from 2001 to 2006, and by 2009 the sector was the largest employer of graduates from the humanities and social sciences.[16]

Private tutoring is not always effective in raising academic achievement; and in some schools students commonly skip classes or sleep through lessons because they are tired after excessive external study. This means that the shadow system can make regular schooling less efficient.[1]

Teachers who spend more time focusing on private lessons than regular classes can cause greater inefficiencies in the mainstream school system. Situations in which teachers provide extra private lessons for pupils for whom they are already responsible in the public system can lead to corruption, particularly when teachers deliberately teach less in their regular classes in order to promote the market for private lessons.[17]

When private tutoring is provided by well trained tutor however the effects can be dramatic, with pupils improving performance by two standard deviations.[18] See also Bloom's 2 Sigma Problem.

A 2012 study by the Asian Development Bank and the Comparative Education Research Centre at the University of Hong Kong recommended policymakers across the region take a closer look at how ‘shadow education’ affects family budgets, children’s time, and national education systems. It suggested that in order to reduce the need for private lessons, improvements in mainstream schools should be made. Regulations are also needed to protect consumers.[1]

A private tutor is a private instructor who teaches a specific subject or skill to an individual student or small group of students. Such attention ideally allows the student to improve knowledge or skills more rapidly than in a classroom setting. Tutors are often privately hired and paid by the student, the student's family or an agency. Some are used for remedial students or others needing special attention; some provide more advanced material for exceptionally capable and highly motivated students, or in the context of homeschooling. Tutoring can also occur when one adult helps another adult student to study a specific course or subject that he/she is taking to get a better result. The adult can also let the student work on his/her own, and can be there if the student has any questions. The ultimate goal of a private tutor is to foster independence. When a student no longer requires private tutoring, the tutor successfully puts him/herself out of a job. Ironic as it may seem, a tutor's professional reputation is often measured in terms of the degree of self-imposed obsolescence.

Academic coaching is an evolution of mentoring applied to academics. Coaching involves a collaborative approach. Coaches try to help students learn how they best learn and how to operate in an academic environment. Tutors help students learn the material in individual courses while coaches help students learn how to be successful in school. In college, that includes such topics as: study skills, time management, stress management, effective reading, note-taking, test-taking, and understanding how to use a syllabus. Academic coaches meet with the student regularly throughout the semester. Coaches work with students in all kinds of situations, not just those who are struggling academically. Some highly motivated, high-achieving students will have a coach to improve their learning efficiency. Academic coaching also occurs to help students prepare for entrance exams to gain entry to schools or universities. Tutoring may even be used for the whole application process to university. Academic coaching is a huge industry in Asia. For example, in India, a majority of students, be it of any class or stream, visit a coaching center or a "study circle."[19]

Sometimes, current students act as tutors to other students. Sometimes, a classroom setting is not enough for a student to learn all of the material that they need to know in order to pass the test or to go on to harder classes. Academic tutoring from students at a higher grade level or experience in an academic setting can help to encourage and strengthen a student so that they do not fall behind.

For students, helping other students will be beneficial because the students can check themselves while they teach the lesson(s).[20]

Main article: Online tutoring Computer based learning at a tuition centre

Online tutoring is a new way for a student to receive help, either scheduled or on-demand. Sessions are done through an application where a student and tutor can communicate. Common tools include chat, whiteboard, web conferencing, teleconferencing and other specialized applets which make it easier to convey information back and forth. For example, there are specialized applets designed specifically for mathematics which allow the use of mathematical symbols. There is also an example-tracing tutor program that uses a behavior graph. The tutor is able to create an outline program that works a specific problem step by step. The process is activated once the student selects that problem. This is helpful for those who need help but are not able to meet face to face with someone.[21]

Online tutoring has been gaining popularity over the past couple of years due to the ease of being able to connect to a tutor at moment's notice when help is required.[citation needed] This is especially effective when a student is studying for a test that is scheduled for the next day at school and is stumped on a particular problem. Not all online tutoring companies offer an on-demand tutoring service.

Main article: In-home tutoring

In-home tutoring is a form of tutoring that occurs in the home. Most often the tutoring relates to an academic subject or test preparation. This is in contrast to tutoring centers or tutoring provided through after-school programs. The service most often involves one-on-one attention provided to the pupil.

Solution assistance is a growing trend in the field of mathematics tutoring. This method of checking the accuracy of answers is particularly helpful for students without a computer or those students that live in remote areas.

In Canada and the United States, writing tutor is the common term used for individuals working one-on-one with students in college and university writing centers.[22][23] The terms tutor and consultant are often used interchangeably, and both terms are used with deliberation as they are seen to represent a specific relationship, role, or activity between tutor and tutee. For example, Griffin, Keller, Pandey, Pedersen, and Skinner[24] in their 2003-2004 survey of North American writing centers describe a tutor as an expert providing a less expert learner with knowledge, implying a transmission approach. In contrast, the consultant, also expert, collaborates with the tutee in addressing the writing task, implying a social constructivist approach. The focus of the social constructionism paradigm is to get rid of the idea that tutors are an authoritarian figure instead of someone who the student can collaborate with. Social constructionism is the dominant approach used in writing centers today versus the expressivism approach that was favored in the 1970s and 1980s.[25] Others who use the term writing tutor describe the tutor as facilitating learning through active listening, responding, as well as using silence and wait time.[26] Taking the cue from the student, these writing tutors function much like the consultants described by Griffin et al., offering suggestions and working together on a given writing task. Regardless of the title, the intent and actions of the tutor are important to writing center practitioners. A tutor may say he/she is acting collaboratively with the student and unknowingly be enforcing her or his own agenda.[27]

Vile Parle


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Icse Board Syllabus Jasai

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Jasai. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse to cbse

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Jasai?

igcse global perspectives past papers

 

Vile Parle (IPA: [ˈʋile ˈpaɾle]), is a suburb of Mumbai. Vile Parle is also the name of the railway station in this suburb.[1] Vile Parle has a significantly strong base of Marathi and Gujarati population. The name "Vile Parle" has been derived from the names of two small but old temples: Virleshwar and Parleshwar. It serves as the location of the first Parle factory.[2] It houses Mumbai's Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport's Domestic Terminal.

Vile Parle is divided into two parts: Vile Parle (East) and Vile Parle (West) separated by the western railway line. The east-west boundaries of Vile Parle are from Juhu (West) to Sahar, Santacruz (East). The north boundary is Andheri and Santa Cruz (South). Vile Parle is also connected to JVPD scheme (Juhu Vile Parle Development scheme).

The first Parle-G factory was established in Vile Parle

Vile Parle has now become a second major education center after Churchgate to Charni Road area with the establishment and growth of a huge educational complex financed by the Vile Parle Kelavani Mandal and Parle Tilak Vidyalaya Association. Thus, at all hours of the day you see a constant flow of students into and out of Vile Parle.

Kingfisher Airlines maintains its head office, the Kingfisher House, in Vile Parle.[3][4] In 2012 Vijay Mallya was trying to sell the Vile Parle Kingfisher House.[5]

One of the leading Indian confectionery and biscuit manufacturers, Parle Products was started in Vile Parle. There is still a factory in Vile Parle East and it is commonly known as Parle Biscuit Factory. In July 2016, Parle stopped operations at its Vile Parle manufacturing unit and will be replaced by its corporate office. Vile Parle also houses the Garware plastics factory. The Dr. Balabhai Nanavati Hospital in Vile Parle was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru in November 1950 and opened in May 1951.

Sanyas Ashram

Vile Parle is a hub of cultural activities throughout the year. Dinanath Mangeshkar Sabhagrugha, is a prestigious auditorium which showcases Marathi theatre and music programs. Institutions like Lokmanya Seva Sangh, Nadkarni Sabhagruha and Parle Tilak Vidyalaya have been holding and promoting cultural programs since 1923. Activities include Majestic Gappa (a forum where prominent personalities from all fields are open-interviewed), Bal-Jallosh (cultural activities for children), counseling for parents and students and many more. Parle Mahotsav is a large event that is held in Vile Parle at the end of every year. Parle Mahotsav was started in 1999 by Vile Parle Cultural Centre (VPCC). Eight competitions were held at that time, 75 prizes distributed and 2,750 individuals participated in it. It appears to be growing every year. The 11th Parle Mahotsav was the biggest so far with 32 competitions, 750 prizes, and a whopping 25,000 participants.

Kala Gurjari is a cultural organization, promoting various forms of arts. They organize various cultural programmes at their office (next to Khasiyat Restaurant, D.J. Road, Vile Parle (W)), or Juhu Jagruti Hall at the Mithibai Commerce College, or in the Bhartiya Vidyabhavan, Andheri campus

Vile Parle is also well known for its food joints. Starting with Lucky Sandwich, corner of the Sai Samarth dosa centre next to him. Various Marathi delicacies like Vada Pav, Misal, Sabudana Vada, Sabudana Khichadi and Potato Poha are served. "Me Marathi" is one such restaurant famous with the locals for its Maharashtrian styled food. Also present is a small eatery called "Chan Chavdar" near Sathaye college. It is particularly frequented by college students with small budgets. Anand wada pav has also been awarded the best wada pav centre in the city.Please give reference.

One of the best college festivals, named 'Umang', also takes place in Vile Parle. It is held at Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics (NM College).

Sanyas Ashram

The ninth Patron of the holy lineage of this tradition His Holines Brahmlin Shri 1008 Mahamandleshwar Swami Maheshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj first came to Mumbai in mid-1940s and laid the foundation of Sanyas Ashram on 20 January 1945 in the suburb of Vile Parle (West) for propagation of Sanatan Dharma or universal virtues amongst mankind. The fleding Ashram became a full-fledged temple complex in 1952 when the Prana Pratistha of various lifelike and life-size deities was performed.

In the mid-1990s, Shri Swami Ji Maharaj retired at Suratgiri Bangla, Haridwar, and handed over the charge of Sanyas Ashram to Shri Swami Vishveshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj, who became the eleventh Mahamandleshwar in the holy lineage of gurus and also the current President.

Sanyas Ashram continues to grow into a nationwide institution now under the competent vision of His Holiness Shri 1008 Mahamandleshwar Swami Vishveshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj and has many branches under its administration.

Parleshwar temple is a Ganesha temple near M. G. Road.

Vile Parle is also known for its numerous educational institutes including:

There are numerous boutique coaching classes found across Vileparle.

Postal codes for Vile Parle are 400057 for east and 400056 for west. There is a huge slum area called Nehru Nagar in JVPD Scheme. There is a famous temple Sanyas Ashram in Vile Parle West where many famous movies have been filmed. Varma Tailors & Cloth Stores which was once a local tailor shop in Vile Parle east is now more than 50 years old. Also in Vile Parle (East) there is a Huge residential colony named "New Airport Colony" which is for the employee of NAA & Metrological Department, the Colony is divided in A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H & O lines. Out of this "F" line is located few meters away from main colony. There is also a community center for kids and adults.

  1. ^ "Ville Parle Railway Station". Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  2. ^ "Parle Factory". Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  3. ^ "Contact Us Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.." Kingfisher Airlines. Retrieved on 25 August 2009. "Kingfisher Airlines Limited Kingfisher House Western Express Highway Vile Parle (E) Mumbai - 400099 India "
  4. ^ ENS Economic Bureau. "Jet, Kingfisher trying to fly in formation." Indian Express. Tuesday 14 October 2008. Retrieved on 25 August 2009.
  5. ^ "Kingfisher house, Gandhi relics up for sale?" Mid Day. 12 March 2012. Retrieved on 15 March 2012.

Online Trading Academy

igcse to cbse

 

The 3 Mistakes of My Life is the third novel written by Chetan Bhagat. The book was published in May 2008 and had an initial print-run of 420,000. The novel follows the story of three friends and is based in the city of Ahmedabad in western India.

This is the third best seller novel by Chetan Bhagat.[1]

Govind: Govind Jaat Patel is an ordinary guy with whom anybody can relate. He has very few desires. His main ambition is to become a businessman as he thinks that, being a Gujarati, business is in his blood. His best friends are Omi and Ish (Ishaan). Govind is doubtful or noncommittal about something. His father has abandoned him and his mother runs a small business. He makes extra income by tutoring maths. He continues these sessions even after starting the cricket shop. He is the narrator of this story and the one who makes the title's "Three Mistakes". During the course of the story he falls in love with Vidya, Ishan's younger sister for whom he is a private tutor. Govind looks after the financial part of the business as he has good business sense and mathematical skills.

Ishaan (Ish) is a big cricket freak and a patriot. Ishaan was the best cricketer in his locality and school. He suggests the name of their business as "Team India Cricket Shop". He helps Govind's business by organising daily cricket coaching camps. He has a younger sister, Vidya, about whom he is quite protective. When he discovers that a boy named Ali is a very talented batsman, he decides to go any length to give Ali proper training. Ishaan usually looks after day-to-day shop activities as he has genuine interest in anything cricket-related.

Omi is the son of the Hindu priest of the local temple. His family enjoys great respect among the people. Through Omi's parents and maternal uncle (who own few shops as a part of the temple trust property), they readily get a place to start their business. He is a rather dumb boy and has not many dreams, but he likes to concentrate on having a healthy body. However, he resents growing up and being a saint like his father. He is a religious person and eventually takes active part in his maternal uncle's religious politics. He is, however, confused about his religious views which are mainly influenced by Bittoo Mama.

Vidya is Ishan's younger sister. She is a rebel at heart and dreams to break free from the constraints of a typical middle-class family and society, to go to Mumbai, do a course in PR and become independent. She, however, despises maths which is required for her medical entrance exams. Hence, Ish asks Govind to take her mathematics tuition. In between their tuition they fall in love which is kept a secret.

Ali is one of the students in Ish's coaching classes and a great batsman because of a rare gift of nature. However, he doesn't play much cricket as he gets tired after three or four balls; he enjoys playing marbles. He is a Muslim and respects Ish like a Guru. He, like Ishaan, is patriotic at heart. He denies the offer of Australian scholarship and wants to play on the Indian side.

Bittoo Mama is the maternal uncle of Omi. Mama runs the trust of the temple and agrees to rent the place to the three friends for the cricket shop. He is an active member of a Hindu political party. He follows the preachings of Parekh-ji, a political-cum-spiritual leader and has complete faith in him. He has locked his horns with Ali's father who belongs to the Secular Party. He has a son, Dhiraj. Mama is not fond of Govind as he is an agnostic. He is the main antagonist of the story.

Govind's mom wants her son to pursue a degree in Engineering. She runs a home-made food business. She cares about Govind a lot and supports him well through his hardships and struggles.

Ali's father: He is a devout Muslim and works for a secular party. He is a very kind-hearted person who wants Ali to take his education seriously despite his mediocre financial condition. He treats the three friends very well when they go to visit Ali in his house. Overall he is a good person.

Fred Li: He is an Australian Cricket Team member and a fast bowler. He invites the three friends and Ali to Sydney when they travel to Goa to see India-Australia One Day International and meet him in the stands. He spots talent in Ali and wants to help him getting a chance to be trained in his academy in Australia. Loosely based on Brett Lee.

  1. Govind had paid a huge amount for buying a shop in Navrangpura shopping mall even though his friends tried to stop him. The mall later got destroyed due to 2001 Gujarat earthquakes .
  2. He fell in love with and had physical intimacy (sexual relationship) with Vidya, Ish's sister
  3. He waited a split second and dived too late to save Ali because of his own selfishness. Ali's wrist was destroyed.

Critics across the country were not too impressed with the book and some even suggested that it was not as good as his previous work. The public reception was good[citation needed] and The 3 Mistakes of My Life sold a lot of copies in the first few weeks.[citation needed]

This English national bestseller has been published in Gujarati language by a leading Gujarati book publisher, M.B.D., based in Ahmedabad & Mumbai. This book has been translated into Tamil and is published by Diamond Pocket Books.[2] The French translation was released by Cherche Midi publisher in March 2010 as Les 3 erreurs de ma vie. It was translated into Sinhala by Dileepa Jayakodi in 2011 as Thun Thakatheerukan Karapu Kenek Man.

The movie version of the novel is Kai Po Che! directed by Abhishek Kapoor starring Sushant Singh Rajput, Amit Sadh; it was released in February 2013. The film and the book are set in Gujarat, hence the title Kai Po Che!

  1. ^ Bhagat., Chetan (May 2008). The 3 Mistakes of My Life. Ahmedabad: rupa. pp. http://www.chetanbhagat.com/books/t3mml/. ISBN 978-8129135513. 
  2. ^ "चेतन भगत की पुस्तकों के हिंदी संस्करणों ने मचाई धूम- 2008100554287800 | India - Oneindia Hindi". Thatshindi.oneindia.in. 2008-10-05. Retrieved 2013-05-18. 

Tutor


http://igcsecoachingclasses.online/virar/

List Of Ib Schools Belpada

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Belpada. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse global perspectives

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Belpada?

igcse global perspectives

 

Online Trading Academy is an education company that provides education to professional traders regarding trading on financial markets.[1] Eyal Shahar founded the company in 1997 as a trading floor. At one point, the business had 180 traders handling $500 million a day in transactions.[2] In order to improve trading results, managers and the top traders were offered daily review and coaching sessions to help the traders become more consistent and profitable. This training program grew, and soon other companies were sending traders in for training. In 2001, after the Dot-com bubble collapse, the company shifted to focusing solely on providing this trading strategy reviews, training and education to the general public.[3]

By February 2015, Online Trading Academy had provided its services to more than 150,000 students.[4]

Online Trading Academy teaches its students a rule-based strategy for trading in the financial markets. Classes usually tackle various topics ranging from day trading stocks to Forex, stock options, and futures trading. The students work with instructors to review market condition, breakdown complex charts, and learn specific trading techniques. Additionally, Online Trading Academy reviews other brokers, products, and services, and continually provides this information to students and graduates.[3]

In addition to the classes offered, the company also offers separate self-study programs through online and on DVDs. The program aims to teach the same fundamentals and concepts as in the in-class training.[3]

In 2006, the company started to offer an online course in stock trading at its Middle East and North Africa Regional center in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.[5]

In 2010, Online Trading Academy signed a pact with Sharekhan, one of India’s leading retail broking companies, to provide its trading and investing education to customers in Mumbai, India.[6]

Tutor

igcse art and design

 

IGCSE examinations are offered by the University of Cambridge, IGCSE stands for International General Certificate Secondary Education. This course is offered in many subjects and many countries.

There are 5 easy steps to pass the IGCSE examination

1. Read the endorsed Books.
In order to pass IGCSE examination, the students should read the books and notes endorsed by the University of Cambridge. University of Cambridge only endorses the books which are written by professional and experienced educators who have a vast knowledge in the particular field.

5. Revision notes

The fifth and the most important step to pass the examination is studying revision notes. The students should prepare their own revision notes in order to understand the concept clearly. If he/she is unable to do so he/she should borrow it from a friend. If your friend does not have get it from an enemy because believe me they will help you get A grades in the IGCSE examination.

Tutor


http://igcsecoachingclasses.online/virar/

Private Tuition Sonari

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Sonari. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse global perspectives

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Sonari?

igcse art and design

 

Network 18 is an Indian mass media company which is owned and operated by Reliance Industries. Headquartered in Noida, India. It has interests in television, print, internet, film, mobile content and allied businesses.

The company was incorporated as a private limited company on 16 February 1996. In April 2006, the name was changed from SGA Finance and Management Services Private Limited to Network18 Fincap Private Limited and subsequently in November 2006, it was converted into a Public Limited company. Network18 got listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange on 2 February 2007. The shares of the company of face value of Rs 5 each opened at Rs 312.10 at the NSE and at Rs 300 at the BSE. The same year in December, its name was changed from Network18 Fincap Limited to Network18 Media & Investments Limited.

The Network 18 Group announced a restructuring plan to create a two listed entity structure for the group in July 2010. The restructuring became effective on 10 June 2011 with the approval of the Delhi High Court and the group successfully completed the re-alignment of its business operation into 2 sections – Network18 and TV18. Network18 undertakes the digital and publishing side of the business and TV18 contains the television assets of the group.[1]

In Jan 2012, there was a large investment by Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Industries Limited in a complex deal that offered a possibility that Ambani-held Independent Media Trust (IMT) might eventually gain a controlling interest.[2] In July 2014, the ownership was transferred to Independent Media Trust. On 29 May 2014, Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) announced it would be acquiring control in Network 18 Media & Investments Ltd, including its subsidiary TV18 Broadcast Ltd. The board of RIL approved funding of up to Rs. 40 billion to Independent Media Trust (IMT), of which RIL is the sole beneficiary, for acquisition of control in Network 18 and its subsidiaries.[3] On 8 July 2014, RIL stated that it has completed the Network18 take-over.[4]

Network 18 through its subsidiary 'TV18 Broadcast Limited', operates news channels. TV18 also operates a joint venture with Viacom, called Viacom18, which houses a portfolio of popular entertainment channels across genres. TV18 also operates a factual entertainment channel History TV18 through a joint venture with A+E Networks.

Network 18 operates following channels.

Viacom18 Motion Pictures - Part of the Viacom18 venture, it is involved in acquisition, production, syndication, marketing and distribution of full-length feature films within India. It also distributes Indian films in several international markets. It has an alliance with Paramount Pictures to distribute and market its films in the Indian subcontinent

IndiaCast Media Distribution Private Limited - It is a joint venture between TV18 Broadcast Limited and Viacom18 Media Private Limited to create a multi-platform 'Content Asset Monetisation' entity. It distributes various channels across multiple distribution platforms such as cable, DTH, IPTV, HITS and MMDS in India and Internationally

Digital Content Network 18's digital content and commerce segment includes a portfolio of brands catering to a wide range of interests and services, including news and entertainment, markets and finance, online shopping and ticketing, and mobile phone services and applications. It includes (i) the content business that spans websites and mobile applications covering general and business news, entertainment, technology and sports (ii) the digital commerce business that includes online and out-of-home shopping and ticketing.[13]


Digital Commerce

Publication

Indian Railways coaching stock

igcse znotes maths

 

What to look for in a SAT, ACT, or GCSE tutor:

The major goal you have in working with a tutor for school is to raise test scores, such as the SATs or ACT, to improve your performance in a specific area, or, for students in the UK, to improve grades on the GCSE and to successfully complete A-levels. Almost any student can benefit from targeted and personalized tutoring, regardless of their current level of understanding and performance. The following are what you should look for in a college tutor or university tutoring program:

1. Small Class Size:

If you decide to go the group route, make sure it will be interactive, and where most of the participants are at the same level. The last thing you need is to be kept back in your SAT, ACT, or GCSE tutoring class by people who don't know as much as you do, or lost in a class of people who are far ahead.

6. Measurable results:

Not only should the college tutors have references, they should also be able to give you a measurable result of their past teaching, such as the average degree that their students SAT or ACT scores rose, the grades they got on the GCSE, or the level of college they got into.

After your tutoring you will be uniquely suited to go to the university or college that fully meets your potential, and this will make the learning experience truly worth it.

Network 18


http://igcsecoachingclasses.online/virar/

Igcse Curriculum Jawaharlal Nehru Port

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Jawaharlal Nehru Port. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse global perspectives past papers

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Jawaharlal Nehru Port?

igcse global perspectives

 

Vile Parle (IPA: [ˈʋile ˈpaɾle]), is a suburb of Mumbai. Vile Parle is also the name of the railway station in this suburb.[1] Vile Parle has a significantly strong base of Marathi and Gujarati population. The name "Vile Parle" has been derived from the names of two small but old temples: Virleshwar and Parleshwar. It serves as the location of the first Parle factory.[2] It houses Mumbai's Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport's Domestic Terminal.

Vile Parle is divided into two parts: Vile Parle (East) and Vile Parle (West) separated by the western railway line. The east-west boundaries of Vile Parle are from Juhu (West) to Sahar, Santacruz (East). The north boundary is Andheri and Santa Cruz (South). Vile Parle is also connected to JVPD scheme (Juhu Vile Parle Development scheme).

The first Parle-G factory was established in Vile Parle

Vile Parle has now become a second major education center after Churchgate to Charni Road area with the establishment and growth of a huge educational complex financed by the Vile Parle Kelavani Mandal and Parle Tilak Vidyalaya Association. Thus, at all hours of the day you see a constant flow of students into and out of Vile Parle.

Kingfisher Airlines maintains its head office, the Kingfisher House, in Vile Parle.[3][4] In 2012 Vijay Mallya was trying to sell the Vile Parle Kingfisher House.[5]

One of the leading Indian confectionery and biscuit manufacturers, Parle Products was started in Vile Parle. There is still a factory in Vile Parle East and it is commonly known as Parle Biscuit Factory. In July 2016, Parle stopped operations at its Vile Parle manufacturing unit and will be replaced by its corporate office. Vile Parle also houses the Garware plastics factory. The Dr. Balabhai Nanavati Hospital in Vile Parle was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru in November 1950 and opened in May 1951.

Sanyas Ashram

Vile Parle is a hub of cultural activities throughout the year. Dinanath Mangeshkar Sabhagrugha, is a prestigious auditorium which showcases Marathi theatre and music programs. Institutions like Lokmanya Seva Sangh, Nadkarni Sabhagruha and Parle Tilak Vidyalaya have been holding and promoting cultural programs since 1923. Activities include Majestic Gappa (a forum where prominent personalities from all fields are open-interviewed), Bal-Jallosh (cultural activities for children), counseling for parents and students and many more. Parle Mahotsav is a large event that is held in Vile Parle at the end of every year. Parle Mahotsav was started in 1999 by Vile Parle Cultural Centre (VPCC). Eight competitions were held at that time, 75 prizes distributed and 2,750 individuals participated in it. It appears to be growing every year. The 11th Parle Mahotsav was the biggest so far with 32 competitions, 750 prizes, and a whopping 25,000 participants.

Kala Gurjari is a cultural organization, promoting various forms of arts. They organize various cultural programmes at their office (next to Khasiyat Restaurant, D.J. Road, Vile Parle (W)), or Juhu Jagruti Hall at the Mithibai Commerce College, or in the Bhartiya Vidyabhavan, Andheri campus

Vile Parle is also well known for its food joints. Starting with Lucky Sandwich, corner of the Sai Samarth dosa centre next to him. Various Marathi delicacies like Vada Pav, Misal, Sabudana Vada, Sabudana Khichadi and Potato Poha are served. "Me Marathi" is one such restaurant famous with the locals for its Maharashtrian styled food. Also present is a small eatery called "Chan Chavdar" near Sathaye college. It is particularly frequented by college students with small budgets. Anand wada pav has also been awarded the best wada pav centre in the city.Please give reference.

One of the best college festivals, named 'Umang', also takes place in Vile Parle. It is held at Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics (NM College).

Sanyas Ashram

The ninth Patron of the holy lineage of this tradition His Holines Brahmlin Shri 1008 Mahamandleshwar Swami Maheshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj first came to Mumbai in mid-1940s and laid the foundation of Sanyas Ashram on 20 January 1945 in the suburb of Vile Parle (West) for propagation of Sanatan Dharma or universal virtues amongst mankind. The fleding Ashram became a full-fledged temple complex in 1952 when the Prana Pratistha of various lifelike and life-size deities was performed.

In the mid-1990s, Shri Swami Ji Maharaj retired at Suratgiri Bangla, Haridwar, and handed over the charge of Sanyas Ashram to Shri Swami Vishveshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj, who became the eleventh Mahamandleshwar in the holy lineage of gurus and also the current President.

Sanyas Ashram continues to grow into a nationwide institution now under the competent vision of His Holiness Shri 1008 Mahamandleshwar Swami Vishveshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj and has many branches under its administration.

Parleshwar temple is a Ganesha temple near M. G. Road.

Vile Parle is also known for its numerous educational institutes including:

There are numerous boutique coaching classes found across Vileparle.

Postal codes for Vile Parle are 400057 for east and 400056 for west. There is a huge slum area called Nehru Nagar in JVPD Scheme. There is a famous temple Sanyas Ashram in Vile Parle West where many famous movies have been filmed. Varma Tailors & Cloth Stores which was once a local tailor shop in Vile Parle east is now more than 50 years old. Also in Vile Parle (East) there is a Huge residential colony named "New Airport Colony" which is for the employee of NAA & Metrological Department, the Colony is divided in A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H & O lines. Out of this "F" line is located few meters away from main colony. There is also a community center for kids and adults.

  1. ^ "Ville Parle Railway Station". Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  2. ^ "Parle Factory". Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  3. ^ "Contact Us Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.." Kingfisher Airlines. Retrieved on 25 August 2009. "Kingfisher Airlines Limited Kingfisher House Western Express Highway Vile Parle (E) Mumbai - 400099 India "
  4. ^ ENS Economic Bureau. "Jet, Kingfisher trying to fly in formation." Indian Express. Tuesday 14 October 2008. Retrieved on 25 August 2009.
  5. ^ "Kingfisher house, Gandhi relics up for sale?" Mid Day. 12 March 2012. Retrieved on 15 March 2012.

Kota, Rajasthan

igcse global perspectives

 

Kota (/ˈktə/ ( listen)) formerly known as Kotah, is a city located in the southeast of northern Indian state of Rajasthan.[4] It is located Around 250 kilometres (155 mi) south of the state capital, Jaipur, situated on the banks of Chambal River. With a population of over 1 million, it is the third most populous city of Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur, 46th most populous city of India and 53rd most populous urban agglomeration of India. Kota is world’s seventh most densely populated city with a population density of 12100 people per sq km, as per the World Economic Forum (WEF) citing UN Habitat Data. It serves as the administrative headquarters for Kota district and Kota Division. Kota is a major coaching hub of the country for competitive examination preparations and has a number of engineering and medical coaching institutes.[5]

The city of Kota was once the part of the erstwhile Rajput kingdom of Bundi. It became a separate princely state in the 17th century. Apart from the several monuments that reflect the glory of the town, Kota is also known for its palaces and gardens.[6][7] Mahesh Vijay of Bhartiya Janta Party is the current Mayor of Kota.[8] In 2013, Kota was ranked the second most livable city in the state (after Jaipur) and forty-first in the country among 50 cities.[9] The city was also included among 98 Indian cities for Smart Cities Mission initiated by Indian prime minister Narendra Modi in 2015[10] and was listed at 67th place after results of first round were released following which top 20 cities were further selected for funding in the immediate financial year.[11]

See also: Kota State Procession of Raja Ram Singh II of Kota Later Mughal Period, c. 1850

The history of the city dates back to the 12th century AD when Rao Deva, a Chauhan Rajput chieftain belonging to the Hada clan conquered the territory and founded Bundi and Hadoti. Later, in the early 17th century, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the ruler of Bundi - Rao Ratan Singh, gave the smaller principality of Kota to his son, Madho Singh. Since then Kota became a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture.[12]

Diwali celebrations at medieval Kotah

The independent state of Kota became a reality in 1631 when Rao Madho Singh, the second son of Rao Ratan of Bundi was made the ruler, by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.[13] Soon Kota outgrew its parent state to become bigger in area, richer in revenue and more powerful. Maharao Bhim Singh played a pivotal role in Kota's history, having held a 'Mansab'[13] of five thousand and being the first in his dynasty to have the title of Maharao. Zalim Singh, a diplomat and statesman, emerged as another prominent figure of the state in the 18th century. Although initially being a general of Kota's army, he rose to the regent of the kingdom after the king died leaving a minor on the throne.[12] He remained a direct administrator of the state. In 1817, a treaty of friendship was signed between him and the British on his condition of carving out a part from the existing state for his descendants resulting in Jhalawar coming into existence in 1838.[12] During the colonial period, firebrand social activist Guru Radha Kishan organised the masses against the policies of the government. He left Kota after local administration came to know about the arrest warrant issued against him for his participation in Indian Independence activities.

See also: Hadoti

Kota city became independent in 1579, after Bundi state in Hadoti region had become weak. Then, Kota ruled the territory which now is Kota district and Baran district.

Kota is located along the banks of the Chambal River in the southern part of Rajasthan. It is the 3rd largest city of Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur. The cartographic coordinates are 25°11′N 75°50′E / 25.18°N 75.83°E / 25.18; 75.83.[14] It covers an area of 527 km2.[1][15] It has an average elevation of 271 metres (889 ft). The district is bound on the north and north west by Sawai Madhopur, Tonk and Bundi districts. The Chambal River separates these districts from Kota district, forming the natural boundary.

Kishore Sagar Lake

The city of Kota is situated at a centre of the southeastern region of Rajasthan a region very widely known as Hadoti, the land of the Hadas. Kota lies along the banks of the Chambal river on a high sloping tableland forming a part of the Malwa Plateau. The general slope of city is towards the north. The comparatively rocky, barren and elevated land in southern part of city descends towards a plain agricultural land in the north. The Mokandarra hills run from southeast to northwest axis of the town. The historical places and temples are getting surrounded by signs of modern development.

Kota has fertile land and greenery with irrigation facilities through canals. The two main canals; called as left main canal (towards Bundi) and right main canal (towards Baran) originate from the reservoir created by Kota Barrage.[16][17] The tributaries of these canals make up a network in the city and surrounding areas of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh and supplements the irrigation of these areas.[17]

Kota has a semi arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) with high temperatures throughout the year. Summers are long, hot and dry, starting in late March and lasting till the end of June. The temperatures average above 40 °C in May and June and frequently exceed 45 °C with temperatures as high as 48.4 °C also been recorded.[18] The monsoon season follows with comparatively lower temperatures, but higher humidity and frequent, torrential downpours. The monsoons subside in October and temperatures rise again. The brief, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until the last week of February. Temperatures hover between 26.7 °C (max) to 12 °C (min). This can be considered the best time to visit Kota because of intense heat in the summer.[19]

The average annual rainfall in the Kota district is 660.6 mm.[15] Most of the rainfall can be attributed to the southwest monsoon which has its beginning around the last week of June and may last till mid-September. Pre-monsoon showers begin towards the middle of June with post-monsoon rains occasionally occurring in October. The winter is largely dry, although some rainfall does occur as a result of the Western Disturbance passing over the region.[19]

According to 2011 Census of India, Kota City had a population of 1,001,694, of which male and female are 528,601 and 473,093 respectively.[3][24] The provisional results of census 2011 reported city's population as 1,001,365.[25] The urban agglomeration of Kota consists of city only.[24][26] The sex ratio was 895 and 12.14% were under six years of age. The effective literacy rate was 82.80%, with male literacy at 89.49% and female literacy at 75.33%.[24]

Harauti, a dialect of Rajasthani is widely spoken in Kota with Hindi, Marwari and English being the other languages spoken.[27]

According to 2011 census, Hinduism is the majority religion in the city practised by about 80.5% of the population. Muslims form large minorities (15.9%) followed by Jains (2.2%), Sikhs (0.9%) and Christians (0.4%).[23]

Governmental institutions in Kota include:

Instrumentation Ltd is a Public Sector company based in Kota.[28] Its clientele includes public sector entities such as the Indian Railways, BSNL and VSNL.

The District court provides court and notary services.[29]

Healthcare is provided by a combination of public and private-sector hospitals.[30][31][32]

The main hospitals include:

There are several other hospitals within the city limit.[30]

The city is the trade centre for an area in which cotton, millet, wheat, coriander and oilseeds are grown; industries include cotton and oilseed milling, textile weaving, distilling, dairying, and the manufacture of metal handcrafts.[33] Kota also has an extensive industry of stone-polishing of a stone called Kota Stone, used for the floor and walls of residential and business buildings. Since last 15 years Kota has emerged as an Education hub of the country as producing excellent results in IIT-JEE and medical entrance exams.[5][34][35]

Main article: Kota doria Kota Sari with Gota Patti embroidery

Kota is known for the fine translucent muslins called Masuria Malmal. Originally, such saris were called Masuria because they were woven in Mysore. The weavers were subsequently brought to Kota by Rao Kishore Singh who was a general in the Mughal army. The weavers were brought to Kota in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and the saris came to be known as 'Kota-Masuria'. Kota saris are popularly known as 'Masuria' in Kota and Kotadoria outside the state. 'Doria' means thread.

Weaving in Kota was started by Maharana Bhimdeo in the 18th century.[36] Maharaja Bhim Singh of Kota brought some weavers from the Deccan in the early 18th Century and the craft blossomed under the royal patronage. The warp and weft use a combination of threads creating a fine chequered pattern (Khat) where the cotton portion provides firmness while the silk lends a gossamer finish to the fabric.

The Kota saris like most traditional piece of work had started becoming lost before designer Vidhi Singhania moved to Kota and started working with the workers to revive its market.[37] Many textile shops in the city sell different varieties of Kota doria. These saris have become one of the trademarks of the city.[38]

Storage area of Kota Stone Main article: Kota Stone

The fine-grained variety of limestone quarried from Kota district is known as Kota stone, with rich greenish-blue and brown colours. Kota stone are tough, non water-absorbent, non-slip, and non-porous. The varieties include Kota Blue Natural, Kota Blue Honed, Kota Blue Polished, Kota Blue Cobbles, Kota Brown Natural and Kota Brown Polished.[39]

Kota is one of the industrial hubs in northern India, with chemical, cement,engineering and power plants based there. The total number of industrial units in the district from 2010-11 stood at 12908 with 705 registered units.[40] The district power plants show annual growth of 15-20 % due to their strategic locations.[40]

Kota is surrounded by five power stations within its 50 km radius.

  1. Kota Super Thermal Power Plant – thermal[41]
  2. Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in Rawatbhatha Chittorgarh district (65 kilometres from Kota) – nuclear[42]
  3. NTPC Anta Gas Power Plant in Antah Baran district (50 kilometFertilm Kota) – gas
  4. Jawahar Sagar Power Plant – hydro[43]
  5. Kalisindh Thermal Power Station (in Jhalrapatan, Jhalawar) – thermal

The government and private schools in the city are affiliated with either Central Board of Secondary Education or Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan and follow a 10+2 plan. The medium of instruction is either English or Hindi.

"Sankalp": Head Office of Allen Career Institute Gaurav Tower at Bansal Classes

The city is specially recognized all over India as a center for preparation of various national level competitive examinations through which the students seek admissions in various engineering and medical colleges of the country. In the past decade the city has emerged as a popular coaching destination for competitive exams preparation and for profit educational services. The education sector of Kota has become a major contributor to the city's economy.[44] Kota is popularly referred to as "the coaching capital of India".[5][34][45] Over 1.5 lakh students from all over the country flock every year towards the city for preparation of various exams such as IIT-JEE, NEET-UG and AIIMS etc.[46][47][48][49][50] Many hostels and PGs are located in Kota near the vicinity of coaching centres for students. Students live here for 2–3 years and prepare for the exams. The annual turnover of the Kota coaching industry is about ₹1500 crore.[51] In a recent raid by Income Tax at a coaching institute, "Allen Career Institute", an amount of ₹100 crore was disclosed hidden in institute's group accounts.[52]

Kota's emergence coaching hub began in 1985 when Vinod Kumar Bansal, an engineer working for J. K. Synthetics Ltd, set up Bansal Classes that eventually became Bansal Classes Private Limited.[53] Some of his instructors started their own institutes making Kota a major educational center.

In the past few years, reports of students committing suicide in the city have increased. As per reports, students feel stressed and get pressurized in order to crack their target competitive exam. As per National Crime Records Bureau report of 2014, 45 suicide cases of students were reported in the city. In year 2015, 17 such cases were found.[54] For the same cause, many coaching centers have also appointed counsellors to help students.[55][56][57][58] Various recreational activities such as sports, yoga etc. have been also brought up to relieve stress in past few months. The various reasons behind the students' stress and suicidal attempts are as follows -

Chambal Express, a toy train in Chatra Vilas Garden

Some of the popular visitor attractions in and near the city include Chambal Garden, Seven Wonders Park, Chatra Vilas Garden, Kota Zoological Park, Kishore Sagar Lake, Jag Mandir, Maharao Madho Singh Museum, Kota Government Museum, Brijraj Bhawan Palace, Garh Palace, Abheda Mahal, Godavari Dham Temple, Rangbari Balaji Temple, Garadia Mahadev Temple, Agamgarh Gurudwara Sahib, Hanging Rock Fountain, Royal Cenotaphs at Kshar Bagh, Kota Barrage, Adarshila Dargah, Darrah National Park and Jawahar Sagar Dam.[60][61][62][63][64]

There are several shopping malls and complexes in Kota. City Mall and Cinemall on Jhalawar road, Centre Square Mall and Akash Mall in Gumanpura and Ahluwalia's The Great Mall of Kota near DCM road are some of the notable retail malls in the city.[65][66]

Kota is well connected with road and rail to all major cities within Rajasthan as well as those located outside the state. It is also connected by air, although only chartered flights are available.[67]

The city is well connected with neighboring cities and districts and with major cities outside the state. National highway No.12 (Jaipur—Jabalpur) and National Highway No.76 pass through the city.[68] National Highway No.76 is a part of East-West Corridor. The total road length in Kota district is 2,052 km. as of March 2011.

There are three bus stations in Kota:[citation needed]

Daily buses carry passengers inter-state as well as within the city. Auto-rickshaws and tempos are also widely used means of public transport[citation needed] within the city.

Entrance of Kota Railway station

Kota is well connected to all the major cities of India. Kota Junction is one of the divisions in West Central Railway.[69] It is an important station on the Delhi-Mumbai main line. There are four railway stations within Kota and in its vicinity. Another suburban station of South Kota city is Dakaniya Talav Railway station which has a stoppage of Avadh Express, Dehradun Express and Ranthambore Express.[70]

Kota Junction

The city is a halt for over 150 trains,[71] including Mumbai Rajdhani Express, August Kranti Rajdhani Express, Mumbai New Delhi Duronto Express, Indore–Jaipur Express, Udaipur SuperFast (Delhi - Udaipur City Express), Dayodaya Express (Jaipur - Jabalpur Express / Ajmer - Jabalpur Express), Jodhpur - Indore Intercity, Hazrat Nizamuddin - Indore Express, Garbha Express, Marusagar Express (Ajmer - Ernakulam Express / Ernakulam Express), Jaipur - Mysore Express, Jaipur - Chennai Express, Jaipur - Coimbatore Express, Jodhpur - Puri Express, Jodhpur - Bhopal Express.

The Delhi—Mumbai railway line passes through the Kota junction. The district has 148.83 km of railway line in the Kota — Ruthia section, 98.72 km on Nagda—Mathura (Mumbai-Delhi) section and 24.26 km on Kota —Chittorgarh section.

A broad-gauge railway facility between Kota and Jodhpur via Jaipur exists.

Kota is also an originating point for many trains like Kota - Damoh Passenger (Kota - Katni Passenger) connecting Kota to Damoh in Madhya Pradesh. The Kota - Indore Intercity Express connects to another major city of Madhya Pradesh, Indore Junction. There is also a Jan Shatabdi Express train, from Kota to national capital Delhi. The other trains include, Kota - Vadodara Passenger, Kota - Sriganganagar Express, Kota - Ajmer, Kota - Jabalpur & Kota - Bina Passenger. Patna – Kota Express connects Kota and Patna cities via Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi.

Kota Airport has had no scheduled services operating since 1999.[72] The nearest international airport is Jaipur International Airport situated 250 km away from Kota.

The city is home to Jay Kaylon Cricket Stadium located in Nayapura area. Among several matches, six Ranji Trophy matches have been played in the stadium.[73][74] The stadium also hosted RCL T20 2016, an inter state cricket league with six participating teams.[75]

There are five major regional TV Channels in Kota.[76]

A wide range of other Hindi, English and other language channels are accessible via cable subscription and direct-broadcast satellite services. Dish TV, Tata Sky, Radiant Digitek, Airtel Digital TV are the prominent DTH entertainment services in Kota.

There are six major daily newspapers in Kota.[77][78][79]

There are five radio stations in Kota, with four broadcasting on the FM band, and one All India Radio stations broadcasting on the AM band.

Military academies in India


http://igcsecoachingclasses.online/virar/

Tution Teacher Jobs Bhendkhal

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Bhendkhal. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse global perspectives past papers

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Bhendkhal?

igcse art and design

 

Network 18 is an Indian mass media company which is owned and operated by Reliance Industries. Headquartered in Noida, India. It has interests in television, print, internet, film, mobile content and allied businesses.

The company was incorporated as a private limited company on 16 February 1996. In April 2006, the name was changed from SGA Finance and Management Services Private Limited to Network18 Fincap Private Limited and subsequently in November 2006, it was converted into a Public Limited company. Network18 got listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange on 2 February 2007. The shares of the company of face value of Rs 5 each opened at Rs 312.10 at the NSE and at Rs 300 at the BSE. The same year in December, its name was changed from Network18 Fincap Limited to Network18 Media & Investments Limited.

The Network 18 Group announced a restructuring plan to create a two listed entity structure for the group in July 2010. The restructuring became effective on 10 June 2011 with the approval of the Delhi High Court and the group successfully completed the re-alignment of its business operation into 2 sections – Network18 and TV18. Network18 undertakes the digital and publishing side of the business and TV18 contains the television assets of the group.[1]

In Jan 2012, there was a large investment by Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Industries Limited in a complex deal that offered a possibility that Ambani-held Independent Media Trust (IMT) might eventually gain a controlling interest.[2] In July 2014, the ownership was transferred to Independent Media Trust. On 29 May 2014, Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) announced it would be acquiring control in Network 18 Media & Investments Ltd, including its subsidiary TV18 Broadcast Ltd. The board of RIL approved funding of up to Rs. 40 billion to Independent Media Trust (IMT), of which RIL is the sole beneficiary, for acquisition of control in Network 18 and its subsidiaries.[3] On 8 July 2014, RIL stated that it has completed the Network18 take-over.[4]

Network 18 through its subsidiary 'TV18 Broadcast Limited', operates news channels. TV18 also operates a joint venture with Viacom, called Viacom18, which houses a portfolio of popular entertainment channels across genres. TV18 also operates a factual entertainment channel History TV18 through a joint venture with A+E Networks.

Network 18 operates following channels.

Viacom18 Motion Pictures - Part of the Viacom18 venture, it is involved in acquisition, production, syndication, marketing and distribution of full-length feature films within India. It also distributes Indian films in several international markets. It has an alliance with Paramount Pictures to distribute and market its films in the Indian subcontinent

IndiaCast Media Distribution Private Limited - It is a joint venture between TV18 Broadcast Limited and Viacom18 Media Private Limited to create a multi-platform 'Content Asset Monetisation' entity. It distributes various channels across multiple distribution platforms such as cable, DTH, IPTV, HITS and MMDS in India and Internationally

Digital Content Network 18's digital content and commerce segment includes a portfolio of brands catering to a wide range of interests and services, including news and entertainment, markets and finance, online shopping and ticketing, and mobile phone services and applications. It includes (i) the content business that spans websites and mobile applications covering general and business news, entertainment, technology and sports (ii) the digital commerce business that includes online and out-of-home shopping and ticketing.[13]


Digital Commerce

Publication

The 3 Mistakes of My Life

igcse global perspectives past papers

 

IGCSE examinations are offered by the University of Cambridge, IGCSE stands for International General Certificate Secondary Education. This course is offered in many subjects and many countries.

There are 5 easy steps to pass the IGCSE examination

1. Read the endorsed Books.
In order to pass IGCSE examination, the students should read the books and notes endorsed by the University of Cambridge. University of Cambridge only endorses the books which are written by professional and experienced educators who have a vast knowledge in the particular field.

5. Revision notes

The fifth and the most important step to pass the examination is studying revision notes. The students should prepare their own revision notes in order to understand the concept clearly. If he/she is unable to do so he/she should borrow it from a friend. If your friend does not have get it from an enemy because believe me they will help you get A grades in the IGCSE examination.

GCSE Maths - Seven Simple Tricks to Improve Your Grade


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Igcse Curriculum Funde

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Funde. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse global perspectives past papers

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Funde?

igcse grading system

 

Whether you are an individual or a teacher looking to buy IGCSE books for an entire school, getting the right books at the right price can take a lot of time and money. It's not your fault.

First, you have to navigate between different exam boards like the AQA, EDEXCEL or the CIE IGCSE. No one wants to fall into the trap of buying the wrong IGCSE maths or IGCSE physics books for their syllabus.

Second, buying IGCSE text books can be very expensive. But it doesn't end there, we haven't even begun to talk about IGCSE revision books, past papers, software and answers.

Third, the typical IGCSE book buyer lives abroad. This means that it's much harder to just walk into a shop and buy books for those who REALLY need them.

Buying the year's supply of books can be difficult, but it doesn't have to be. Go direct to the publisher to get the best rates for international GCSE texts.

Indian Railways

igcse online learning

 

What to look for in a SAT, ACT, or GCSE tutor:

The major goal you have in working with a tutor for school is to raise test scores, such as the SATs or ACT, to improve your performance in a specific area, or, for students in the UK, to improve grades on the GCSE and to successfully complete A-levels. Almost any student can benefit from targeted and personalized tutoring, regardless of their current level of understanding and performance. The following are what you should look for in a college tutor or university tutoring program:

1. Small Class Size:

If you decide to go the group route, make sure it will be interactive, and where most of the participants are at the same level. The last thing you need is to be kept back in your SAT, ACT, or GCSE tutoring class by people who don't know as much as you do, or lost in a class of people who are far ahead.

6. Measurable results:

Not only should the college tutors have references, they should also be able to give you a measurable result of their past teaching, such as the average degree that their students SAT or ACT scores rose, the grades they got on the GCSE, or the level of college they got into.

After your tutoring you will be uniquely suited to go to the university or college that fully meets your potential, and this will make the learning experience truly worth it.

Pass IGCSE Exams


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Igcse Papers Bokadvira

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Bokadvira. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse art and design

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Bokadvira?

igcse to cbse

 

Network 18 is an Indian mass media company which is owned and operated by Reliance Industries. Headquartered in Noida, India. It has interests in television, print, internet, film, mobile content and allied businesses.

The company was incorporated as a private limited company on 16 February 1996. In April 2006, the name was changed from SGA Finance and Management Services Private Limited to Network18 Fincap Private Limited and subsequently in November 2006, it was converted into a Public Limited company. Network18 got listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange on 2 February 2007. The shares of the company of face value of Rs 5 each opened at Rs 312.10 at the NSE and at Rs 300 at the BSE. The same year in December, its name was changed from Network18 Fincap Limited to Network18 Media & Investments Limited.

The Network 18 Group announced a restructuring plan to create a two listed entity structure for the group in July 2010. The restructuring became effective on 10 June 2011 with the approval of the Delhi High Court and the group successfully completed the re-alignment of its business operation into 2 sections – Network18 and TV18. Network18 undertakes the digital and publishing side of the business and TV18 contains the television assets of the group.[1]

In Jan 2012, there was a large investment by Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Industries Limited in a complex deal that offered a possibility that Ambani-held Independent Media Trust (IMT) might eventually gain a controlling interest.[2] In July 2014, the ownership was transferred to Independent Media Trust. On 29 May 2014, Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) announced it would be acquiring control in Network 18 Media & Investments Ltd, including its subsidiary TV18 Broadcast Ltd. The board of RIL approved funding of up to Rs. 40 billion to Independent Media Trust (IMT), of which RIL is the sole beneficiary, for acquisition of control in Network 18 and its subsidiaries.[3] On 8 July 2014, RIL stated that it has completed the Network18 take-over.[4]

Network 18 through its subsidiary 'TV18 Broadcast Limited', operates news channels. TV18 also operates a joint venture with Viacom, called Viacom18, which houses a portfolio of popular entertainment channels across genres. TV18 also operates a factual entertainment channel History TV18 through a joint venture with A+E Networks.

Network 18 operates following channels.

Viacom18 Motion Pictures - Part of the Viacom18 venture, it is involved in acquisition, production, syndication, marketing and distribution of full-length feature films within India. It also distributes Indian films in several international markets. It has an alliance with Paramount Pictures to distribute and market its films in the Indian subcontinent

IndiaCast Media Distribution Private Limited - It is a joint venture between TV18 Broadcast Limited and Viacom18 Media Private Limited to create a multi-platform 'Content Asset Monetisation' entity. It distributes various channels across multiple distribution platforms such as cable, DTH, IPTV, HITS and MMDS in India and Internationally

Digital Content Network 18's digital content and commerce segment includes a portfolio of brands catering to a wide range of interests and services, including news and entertainment, markets and finance, online shopping and ticketing, and mobile phone services and applications. It includes (i) the content business that spans websites and mobile applications covering general and business news, entertainment, technology and sports (ii) the digital commerce business that includes online and out-of-home shopping and ticketing.[13]


Digital Commerce

Publication

Tutor

igcse online learning

 

Network 18 is an Indian mass media company which is owned and operated by Reliance Industries. Headquartered in Noida, India. It has interests in television, print, internet, film, mobile content and allied businesses.

The company was incorporated as a private limited company on 16 February 1996. In April 2006, the name was changed from SGA Finance and Management Services Private Limited to Network18 Fincap Private Limited and subsequently in November 2006, it was converted into a Public Limited company. Network18 got listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange on 2 February 2007. The shares of the company of face value of Rs 5 each opened at Rs 312.10 at the NSE and at Rs 300 at the BSE. The same year in December, its name was changed from Network18 Fincap Limited to Network18 Media & Investments Limited.

The Network 18 Group announced a restructuring plan to create a two listed entity structure for the group in July 2010. The restructuring became effective on 10 June 2011 with the approval of the Delhi High Court and the group successfully completed the re-alignment of its business operation into 2 sections – Network18 and TV18. Network18 undertakes the digital and publishing side of the business and TV18 contains the television assets of the group.[1]

In Jan 2012, there was a large investment by Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Industries Limited in a complex deal that offered a possibility that Ambani-held Independent Media Trust (IMT) might eventually gain a controlling interest.[2] In July 2014, the ownership was transferred to Independent Media Trust. On 29 May 2014, Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) announced it would be acquiring control in Network 18 Media & Investments Ltd, including its subsidiary TV18 Broadcast Ltd. The board of RIL approved funding of up to Rs. 40 billion to Independent Media Trust (IMT), of which RIL is the sole beneficiary, for acquisition of control in Network 18 and its subsidiaries.[3] On 8 July 2014, RIL stated that it has completed the Network18 take-over.[4]

Network 18 through its subsidiary 'TV18 Broadcast Limited', operates news channels. TV18 also operates a joint venture with Viacom, called Viacom18, which houses a portfolio of popular entertainment channels across genres. TV18 also operates a factual entertainment channel History TV18 through a joint venture with A+E Networks.

Network 18 operates following channels.

Viacom18 Motion Pictures - Part of the Viacom18 venture, it is involved in acquisition, production, syndication, marketing and distribution of full-length feature films within India. It also distributes Indian films in several international markets. It has an alliance with Paramount Pictures to distribute and market its films in the Indian subcontinent

IndiaCast Media Distribution Private Limited - It is a joint venture between TV18 Broadcast Limited and Viacom18 Media Private Limited to create a multi-platform 'Content Asset Monetisation' entity. It distributes various channels across multiple distribution platforms such as cable, DTH, IPTV, HITS and MMDS in India and Internationally

Digital Content Network 18's digital content and commerce segment includes a portfolio of brands catering to a wide range of interests and services, including news and entertainment, markets and finance, online shopping and ticketing, and mobile phone services and applications. It includes (i) the content business that spans websites and mobile applications covering general and business news, entertainment, technology and sports (ii) the digital commerce business that includes online and out-of-home shopping and ticketing.[13]


Digital Commerce

Publication

Kota, Rajasthan


http://igcsecoachingclasses.online/virar/

Part Time Teaching Jobs Coaching Classes Balai

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Balai. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse grading system

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Balai?

igcse global perspectives

 

Not to be confused with Legal guardian or Tutor (officer).

A tutor is an instructor who gives private lessons. Shadow education is a name for private supplementary tutoring that is offered outside the mainstream education system.

Normally, a tutor will help a student who is struggling in a subject of some sort. Also, a tutor may be provided for a student who wants to learn at home.

In the United States, the term "tutor" is generally associated with one who gives professional instruction (sometimes within a school setting but often independently) in a given topic or field.

See also: Teaching assistant (United Kingdom)

In British and Irish secondary schools, form tutors are given the responsibilities of a form or class of students in a particular year group (up to 30 students). They usually work in year teams headed by a year leader, year head, or guidance teacher.

Form tutors will provide parents with most of the information about their child's progress and any problems they might be experiencing. Ordinarily, the form tutor is the person who contacts a parent if there is a problem at school; however, the year leader or guidance teacher may contact the parents, since the form tutor has full-time responsibility as a specialist subject teacher.

A 2012 study by the Asian Development Bank and the Comparative Education Research Centre at the University of Hong Kong pointed out that private tutoring can dominate the lives of young people and their families, maintain and exacerbate social inequalities, divert needed household income into an unregulated industry, and create inefficiencies in education systems. It can also undermine official statements about fee-free education and create threats to social cohesion.[1]

In South Korea, nearly 90% of elementary students receive some sort of shadow education.[2] In Hong Kong, about 85% of senior secondary students do so.[3] 60% of primary students in West Bengal, India,[4] and 60% of secondary students in Kazakhstan receive private tutoring.[5]

Demand for tutoring in Asia is exploding; by comparison globally, shadow education is most extensive in Asia. This is partly due to the stratification of education systems, cultural factors, perceptions of shortcomings in regular school systems, and the combination of growing wealth and smaller family sizes.[1] Therefore, the education sector has become a profitable industry which businesses have created different kinds of products and advertisement such us "the king/queen of tutorial", a usual advertisement tactic of Hong Kong tutorial centers that has spread to South Korea, Thailand, Sri Lanka and India where tutors achieve "celebrity-like status".[6] In some cases, successful Southeast Asian tutors will even embrace the title of "tutor". Online private tutor matching platform and online learning platform offering online learning materials are other creations.

In Cambodia, most tutoring is provided by teachers,[7] whereas in Hong Kong, it is provided by individuals, small companies or large companies.[8] In Mongolia, most tutoring is labor-intensive,[9] while entrepreneurs in South Korea make use of computers and other forms of technology.[1]

Some studies have estimated costs associated with "shadow education". In Pakistan, expenditures on tutoring per child averaged $3.40 a month in 2011. In India, average spending was lower, but still equated to about $2 per month.[10]

In Georgia, household expenditures for private tutoring at the secondary school level was $48 million in 2011.[11] In Hong Kong, the business of providing private tutoring to secondary schools reached $255 million in 2011.[12]

In India, a 2008 survey estimated the size of the private tutoring sector to be $6.4 billion.[13] In Japan, families spent a whopping $12 billion in 2010 on private tutoring.[7]

In the Republic of Korea, where the government has attempted to cool down the private tutoring market, shadow education costs have continually grown, reaching a staggering $17.3 billion in 2010. Household expenditures on private tutoring are equivalent to about 80% of government expenditures on public education for primary and secondary students.[14]

In the United States, the tutoring market is fragmented. Some online tutoring marketplaces, however, have managed to aggregate a large number of private tutors on their platform and also tutoring data. For example, one such site has over 34,000 registered tutors in California and made tutoring hourly rate data for California public.[15]

In many countries, individuals can become tutors without training. In some countries, including Cambodia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Lao PDR, and Tajikistan, the pattern of classroom teachers supplementing their incomes by tutoring students after school hours is more a necessity than a choice, as many teachers’ salaries hover close to the poverty line.[1]

In the Republic of Korea, the number of private tutors expanded roughly 7.1% annually on average from 2001 to 2006, and by 2009 the sector was the largest employer of graduates from the humanities and social sciences.[16]

Private tutoring is not always effective in raising academic achievement; and in some schools students commonly skip classes or sleep through lessons because they are tired after excessive external study. This means that the shadow system can make regular schooling less efficient.[1]

Teachers who spend more time focusing on private lessons than regular classes can cause greater inefficiencies in the mainstream school system. Situations in which teachers provide extra private lessons for pupils for whom they are already responsible in the public system can lead to corruption, particularly when teachers deliberately teach less in their regular classes in order to promote the market for private lessons.[17]

When private tutoring is provided by well trained tutor however the effects can be dramatic, with pupils improving performance by two standard deviations.[18] See also Bloom's 2 Sigma Problem.

A 2012 study by the Asian Development Bank and the Comparative Education Research Centre at the University of Hong Kong recommended policymakers across the region take a closer look at how ‘shadow education’ affects family budgets, children’s time, and national education systems. It suggested that in order to reduce the need for private lessons, improvements in mainstream schools should be made. Regulations are also needed to protect consumers.[1]

A private tutor is a private instructor who teaches a specific subject or skill to an individual student or small group of students. Such attention ideally allows the student to improve knowledge or skills more rapidly than in a classroom setting. Tutors are often privately hired and paid by the student, the student's family or an agency. Some are used for remedial students or others needing special attention; some provide more advanced material for exceptionally capable and highly motivated students, or in the context of homeschooling. Tutoring can also occur when one adult helps another adult student to study a specific course or subject that he/she is taking to get a better result. The adult can also let the student work on his/her own, and can be there if the student has any questions. The ultimate goal of a private tutor is to foster independence. When a student no longer requires private tutoring, the tutor successfully puts him/herself out of a job. Ironic as it may seem, a tutor's professional reputation is often measured in terms of the degree of self-imposed obsolescence.

Academic coaching is an evolution of mentoring applied to academics. Coaching involves a collaborative approach. Coaches try to help students learn how they best learn and how to operate in an academic environment. Tutors help students learn the material in individual courses while coaches help students learn how to be successful in school. In college, that includes such topics as: study skills, time management, stress management, effective reading, note-taking, test-taking, and understanding how to use a syllabus. Academic coaches meet with the student regularly throughout the semester. Coaches work with students in all kinds of situations, not just those who are struggling academically. Some highly motivated, high-achieving students will have a coach to improve their learning efficiency. Academic coaching also occurs to help students prepare for entrance exams to gain entry to schools or universities. Tutoring may even be used for the whole application process to university. Academic coaching is a huge industry in Asia. For example, in India, a majority of students, be it of any class or stream, visit a coaching center or a "study circle."[19]

Sometimes, current students act as tutors to other students. Sometimes, a classroom setting is not enough for a student to learn all of the material that they need to know in order to pass the test or to go on to harder classes. Academic tutoring from students at a higher grade level or experience in an academic setting can help to encourage and strengthen a student so that they do not fall behind.

For students, helping other students will be beneficial because the students can check themselves while they teach the lesson(s).[20]

Main article: Online tutoring Computer based learning at a tuition centre

Online tutoring is a new way for a student to receive help, either scheduled or on-demand. Sessions are done through an application where a student and tutor can communicate. Common tools include chat, whiteboard, web conferencing, teleconferencing and other specialized applets which make it easier to convey information back and forth. For example, there are specialized applets designed specifically for mathematics which allow the use of mathematical symbols. There is also an example-tracing tutor program that uses a behavior graph. The tutor is able to create an outline program that works a specific problem step by step. The process is activated once the student selects that problem. This is helpful for those who need help but are not able to meet face to face with someone.[21]

Online tutoring has been gaining popularity over the past couple of years due to the ease of being able to connect to a tutor at moment's notice when help is required.[citation needed] This is especially effective when a student is studying for a test that is scheduled for the next day at school and is stumped on a particular problem. Not all online tutoring companies offer an on-demand tutoring service.

Main article: In-home tutoring

In-home tutoring is a form of tutoring that occurs in the home. Most often the tutoring relates to an academic subject or test preparation. This is in contrast to tutoring centers or tutoring provided through after-school programs. The service most often involves one-on-one attention provided to the pupil.

Solution assistance is a growing trend in the field of mathematics tutoring. This method of checking the accuracy of answers is particularly helpful for students without a computer or those students that live in remote areas.

In Canada and the United States, writing tutor is the common term used for individuals working one-on-one with students in college and university writing centers.[22][23] The terms tutor and consultant are often used interchangeably, and both terms are used with deliberation as they are seen to represent a specific relationship, role, or activity between tutor and tutee. For example, Griffin, Keller, Pandey, Pedersen, and Skinner[24] in their 2003-2004 survey of North American writing centers describe a tutor as an expert providing a less expert learner with knowledge, implying a transmission approach. In contrast, the consultant, also expert, collaborates with the tutee in addressing the writing task, implying a social constructivist approach. The focus of the social constructionism paradigm is to get rid of the idea that tutors are an authoritarian figure instead of someone who the student can collaborate with. Social constructionism is the dominant approach used in writing centers today versus the expressivism approach that was favored in the 1970s and 1980s.[25] Others who use the term writing tutor describe the tutor as facilitating learning through active listening, responding, as well as using silence and wait time.[26] Taking the cue from the student, these writing tutors function much like the consultants described by Griffin et al., offering suggestions and working together on a given writing task. Regardless of the title, the intent and actions of the tutor are important to writing center practitioners. A tutor may say he/she is acting collaboratively with the student and unknowingly be enforcing her or his own agenda.[27]

Kota, Rajasthan

igcse to cbse

 

Network 18 is an Indian mass media company which is owned and operated by Reliance Industries. Headquartered in Noida, India. It has interests in television, print, internet, film, mobile content and allied businesses.

The company was incorporated as a private limited company on 16 February 1996. In April 2006, the name was changed from SGA Finance and Management Services Private Limited to Network18 Fincap Private Limited and subsequently in November 2006, it was converted into a Public Limited company. Network18 got listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange on 2 February 2007. The shares of the company of face value of Rs 5 each opened at Rs 312.10 at the NSE and at Rs 300 at the BSE. The same year in December, its name was changed from Network18 Fincap Limited to Network18 Media & Investments Limited.

The Network 18 Group announced a restructuring plan to create a two listed entity structure for the group in July 2010. The restructuring became effective on 10 June 2011 with the approval of the Delhi High Court and the group successfully completed the re-alignment of its business operation into 2 sections – Network18 and TV18. Network18 undertakes the digital and publishing side of the business and TV18 contains the television assets of the group.[1]

In Jan 2012, there was a large investment by Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Industries Limited in a complex deal that offered a possibility that Ambani-held Independent Media Trust (IMT) might eventually gain a controlling interest.[2] In July 2014, the ownership was transferred to Independent Media Trust. On 29 May 2014, Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) announced it would be acquiring control in Network 18 Media & Investments Ltd, including its subsidiary TV18 Broadcast Ltd. The board of RIL approved funding of up to Rs. 40 billion to Independent Media Trust (IMT), of which RIL is the sole beneficiary, for acquisition of control in Network 18 and its subsidiaries.[3] On 8 July 2014, RIL stated that it has completed the Network18 take-over.[4]

Network 18 through its subsidiary 'TV18 Broadcast Limited', operates news channels. TV18 also operates a joint venture with Viacom, called Viacom18, which houses a portfolio of popular entertainment channels across genres. TV18 also operates a factual entertainment channel History TV18 through a joint venture with A+E Networks.

Network 18 operates following channels.

Viacom18 Motion Pictures - Part of the Viacom18 venture, it is involved in acquisition, production, syndication, marketing and distribution of full-length feature films within India. It also distributes Indian films in several international markets. It has an alliance with Paramount Pictures to distribute and market its films in the Indian subcontinent

IndiaCast Media Distribution Private Limited - It is a joint venture between TV18 Broadcast Limited and Viacom18 Media Private Limited to create a multi-platform 'Content Asset Monetisation' entity. It distributes various channels across multiple distribution platforms such as cable, DTH, IPTV, HITS and MMDS in India and Internationally

Digital Content Network 18's digital content and commerce segment includes a portfolio of brands catering to a wide range of interests and services, including news and entertainment, markets and finance, online shopping and ticketing, and mobile phone services and applications. It includes (i) the content business that spans websites and mobile applications covering general and business news, entertainment, technology and sports (ii) the digital commerce business that includes online and out-of-home shopping and ticketing.[13]


Digital Commerce

Publication

Igcse Tuition Centre


http://igcsecoachingclasses.online/virar/

Igcse Papers Daaur Nagar

IGCSE is expanded as International General Certificate of Secondary Education in Daaur Nagar. It is a popular international certification for the secondary school. It is also referred to as O-Level or year 11 or fifth form in respective schools and countries, prior to proceeding to advanced levels such as the sixth form or A-level or 12 &13 year or even the pre-university studies.

igcse art and design

 

IGCSE was previously University of CIE, Cambridge International Examinations, in 1988. In fact, since 1858, University of Cambridge is the UK local examination board. The term “IGCSE” is a trademark registered of University of Cambridge. Normally, when someone says IGCSE, it is taken as the IGCSE Cambridge from the CIE board.

The curricula of the IGCSE are similar to O-Level rather than the GCSE UK national curriculums. Thus, the examination basis is considered rigorous and more challenging.

Which is the Best IGCSE Coaching Classes in Daaur Nagar?

igcse grading system

 

Vile Parle (IPA: [ˈʋile ˈpaɾle]), is a suburb of Mumbai. Vile Parle is also the name of the railway station in this suburb.[1] Vile Parle has a significantly strong base of Marathi and Gujarati population. The name "Vile Parle" has been derived from the names of two small but old temples: Virleshwar and Parleshwar. It serves as the location of the first Parle factory.[2] It houses Mumbai's Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport's Domestic Terminal.

Vile Parle is divided into two parts: Vile Parle (East) and Vile Parle (West) separated by the western railway line. The east-west boundaries of Vile Parle are from Juhu (West) to Sahar, Santacruz (East). The north boundary is Andheri and Santa Cruz (South). Vile Parle is also connected to JVPD scheme (Juhu Vile Parle Development scheme).

The first Parle-G factory was established in Vile Parle

Vile Parle has now become a second major education center after Churchgate to Charni Road area with the establishment and growth of a huge educational complex financed by the Vile Parle Kelavani Mandal and Parle Tilak Vidyalaya Association. Thus, at all hours of the day you see a constant flow of students into and out of Vile Parle.

Kingfisher Airlines maintains its head office, the Kingfisher House, in Vile Parle.[3][4] In 2012 Vijay Mallya was trying to sell the Vile Parle Kingfisher House.[5]

One of the leading Indian confectionery and biscuit manufacturers, Parle Products was started in Vile Parle. There is still a factory in Vile Parle East and it is commonly known as Parle Biscuit Factory. In July 2016, Parle stopped operations at its Vile Parle manufacturing unit and will be replaced by its corporate office. Vile Parle also houses the Garware plastics factory. The Dr. Balabhai Nanavati Hospital in Vile Parle was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru in November 1950 and opened in May 1951.

Sanyas Ashram

Vile Parle is a hub of cultural activities throughout the year. Dinanath Mangeshkar Sabhagrugha, is a prestigious auditorium which showcases Marathi theatre and music programs. Institutions like Lokmanya Seva Sangh, Nadkarni Sabhagruha and Parle Tilak Vidyalaya have been holding and promoting cultural programs since 1923. Activities include Majestic Gappa (a forum where prominent personalities from all fields are open-interviewed), Bal-Jallosh (cultural activities for children), counseling for parents and students and many more. Parle Mahotsav is a large event that is held in Vile Parle at the end of every year. Parle Mahotsav was started in 1999 by Vile Parle Cultural Centre (VPCC). Eight competitions were held at that time, 75 prizes distributed and 2,750 individuals participated in it. It appears to be growing every year. The 11th Parle Mahotsav was the biggest so far with 32 competitions, 750 prizes, and a whopping 25,000 participants.

Kala Gurjari is a cultural organization, promoting various forms of arts. They organize various cultural programmes at their office (next to Khasiyat Restaurant, D.J. Road, Vile Parle (W)), or Juhu Jagruti Hall at the Mithibai Commerce College, or in the Bhartiya Vidyabhavan, Andheri campus

Vile Parle is also well known for its food joints. Starting with Lucky Sandwich, corner of the Sai Samarth dosa centre next to him. Various Marathi delicacies like Vada Pav, Misal, Sabudana Vada, Sabudana Khichadi and Potato Poha are served. "Me Marathi" is one such restaurant famous with the locals for its Maharashtrian styled food. Also present is a small eatery called "Chan Chavdar" near Sathaye college. It is particularly frequented by college students with small budgets. Anand wada pav has also been awarded the best wada pav centre in the city.Please give reference.

One of the best college festivals, named 'Umang', also takes place in Vile Parle. It is held at Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics (NM College).

Sanyas Ashram

The ninth Patron of the holy lineage of this tradition His Holines Brahmlin Shri 1008 Mahamandleshwar Swami Maheshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj first came to Mumbai in mid-1940s and laid the foundation of Sanyas Ashram on 20 January 1945 in the suburb of Vile Parle (West) for propagation of Sanatan Dharma or universal virtues amongst mankind. The fleding Ashram became a full-fledged temple complex in 1952 when the Prana Pratistha of various lifelike and life-size deities was performed.

In the mid-1990s, Shri Swami Ji Maharaj retired at Suratgiri Bangla, Haridwar, and handed over the charge of Sanyas Ashram to Shri Swami Vishveshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj, who became the eleventh Mahamandleshwar in the holy lineage of gurus and also the current President.

Sanyas Ashram continues to grow into a nationwide institution now under the competent vision of His Holiness Shri 1008 Mahamandleshwar Swami Vishveshwaranand Giri Ji Maharaj and has many branches under its administration.

Parleshwar temple is a Ganesha temple near M. G. Road.

Vile Parle is also known for its numerous educational institutes including:

There are numerous boutique coaching classes found across Vileparle.

Postal codes for Vile Parle are 400057 for east and 400056 for west. There is a huge slum area called Nehru Nagar in JVPD Scheme. There is a famous temple Sanyas Ashram in Vile Parle West where many famous movies have been filmed. Varma Tailors & Cloth Stores which was once a local tailor shop in Vile Parle east is now more than 50 years old. Also in Vile Parle (East) there is a Huge residential colony named "New Airport Colony" which is for the employee of NAA & Metrological Department, the Colony is divided in A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H & O lines. Out of this "F" line is located few meters away from main colony. There is also a community center for kids and adults.

  1. ^ "Ville Parle Railway Station". Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  2. ^ "Parle Factory". Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  3. ^ "Contact Us Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.." Kingfisher Airlines. Retrieved on 25 August 2009. "Kingfisher Airlines Limited Kingfisher House Western Express Highway Vile Parle (E) Mumbai - 400099 India "
  4. ^ ENS Economic Bureau. "Jet, Kingfisher trying to fly in formation." Indian Express. Tuesday 14 October 2008. Retrieved on 25 August 2009.
  5. ^ "Kingfisher house, Gandhi relics up for sale?" Mid Day. 12 March 2012. Retrieved on 15 March 2012.

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